PsbA | D1 protein of PSII, C-terminal (100 ĩl)

350 €

AS01 016  |  clonality: polyclonal  |  host: hen  |  reactivity: [global antibody] for higher plants, algae, cyanobacteria and dinoflagellates


2 st
Item No:
AS01 016

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product information

The PsbA (D1) protein of Photosystem II is rapidly cycled under illumination in all oxygenic photobionts. Disruption of PsbA cycling or losses of PsbA pools are central to photoinhibition of photosynthesis in cyanobacteria, algae and plants under a wide range of conditions including excess light, low temperature and UV exposure. Tracking PsbA pools using the Global PsbA antibody can show the functional content of Photosystem II in a wide range of samples.


KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from available plant, algal and cyanobacterial PsbA sequences, including Arabidopsis thaliana UniProt: A4QJR4, TAIR: AtCg00020 , Oryza sativa P0C434, Populus alba Q14FH6, Physcomitrella patens Q6YXN7, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii P07753, Synechocystis sp. P14660 and many others

Host Hen
Clonality Polyclonal
Purity Total IgY
Format Liquid in PBS pH 8.0, 0.02% sodium azide
Quantity 100 ĩl

store at 4°C; make aliquots to avoid working with a stock. Please, Remember to spin tubes briefly prior to opening them to avoid any losses that might occur from liquid material adhering to the cap or sides of the tubes.

Tested applications western blot (WB)
Related products

AS01 016S | PsbA protein standard for a quantitative western blot

AS05 084 | anti-PsbA C-terminal, rabbit antibody (100 µl)

AS11 1786  | anti-PsbA N-terminal, rabbit antibody

AS10 704 | PsbA | D1 protein of PSII, DE-loop, rabbit antibody

AS13 2669 | PsbA | D1 protein of PSII, phosphorylated, rabbit antibody

recommended secondary antibody

Plant and algla protein extraction buffer

Secondary antibodies

Additional information

A number of degradation products may be observed when using anti-PsbA antibodies, including products having apparent molecular weights of 24kDa and 16kDa. D1 degradation is a complex set of events and the products observed can be influenced by both the extraction procedure and the physiology of the cells prior to harvest. Third, cross-linking may occur between D1 and cytochrome b559, shifting the protein higher in the gel. In cyanobacteria (PCC7942), three different bands were competed out by preincubating the antibody with the PsbA free peptide, indicating that all bands are indeed PsbA and its precursors or breakdown products. Competition assays were also performed with spinach and Chlamydomonas, confirming the identity of PsbA bands. Anti-PsbA antibodies will not detect D2 protein, as the peptide used to generate PsbA antibodies has no homology to the D2 sequence.

Example of a simulataneous western blot detection with RbcL, PsbA and PsaC antibodies.

application information
Recommended dilution

1:4000 - 1: 8000 on 5 µg of total protein, detected with standard ECL (WB)

Expected | apparent MW

38 | 28-30 kDa

Confirmed reactivity

Alaria esculenta, Amphidinium carterae, Arabidopsis thaliana, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Chlamydomonas raudensis (both Antarctic and mesophilic strains), Cyanophora sp. , Gonyaulax polyedra, Fucus vesiculosus, Horderum vulgare, Lobaria pulmonaria, Petunia sp. , Pinus sylvestris, Spartina alterniflora, Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942, Triticum aestivum, Ulva sp., symbiotic dinoflagellates of Stylophora pistillata and Turbinaria reniformis.

Predicted reactivity

dicots including legumes, monocots, conifers, brown algae, red algae, cryptomonads, stramenopiles, euglenoids, xantophytes, prochlorophytes

Not reactive in

no confirmed exceptions from predicted reactivity known in the moment

Additional information

The antibody is appropriate for detecting both, 24 kDa or the 10 kDa C-terminal fragments, whichever is generated under given treatment conditions.In our analysis we have seen both, ca. 24 kDa and ca. 10 kDa fragments from different samples, depending on treatments and isolation procedures.

This antibody will also detect the phosphorylated form of D1as an alternate band to the main band on a high resolution gel.

Selected references Yokono et al. (2015). A megacomplex composed of both photosystem reaction centres in higher plants. Nat Commun. 2015 Mar 26;6:6675. doi: 10.1038/ncomms7675.
Su et al. (2014). Exogenous progesterone alleviates heat and high light stress-induced inactivation of photosystem II in wheat by enhancing antioxidant defense and D1 protein stability. Plant Growth Regul DOI 0.1007/s10725-014-9920-1
Esparza et al.  (2013). Katanin Localization Requires Triplet Microtubules in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. PLOS one.
Hoogenboom et al. (2012). Effects of Light, Food Availability and Temperature Stress on the Function of Photosystem II and Photosystem I of Coral Symbionts. POLS one.
Morash et al. (2007). Macromolecular dynamics of the photosynthetic system over a seasonal developmental progression in Spartina alterniflora. Canadian J. of Botany, 2007, 85(5): 476-483, 10.1139/B07-043.

application example

2 µg of total protein from (1) Arabidopsis thaliana leaf extracted with PEB (AS08 300), (2) Horderum vulgare leaf extracted with PEB (AS08 300), (3) Chlamydomonas reinhardtii total cell extracted with PEB (AS08 300), (4) Synechococcus sp. 7942 total cell extracted with PEB (AS08 300), (5) Anabaena sp. total cell extracted with PEB (AS08 300) were separated on  4-12% NuPage (Invitrogen) LDS-PAGE and blotted 1h to PVDF. Blots were blocked immediately following transfer in 2% ECL Advance blocking reagent (GE Healthcare) in 20 mM Tris, 137 mM sodium chloride pH 7.6 with 0.1% (v/v) Tween-20 (TBS-T) for 1h at room temperature with agitation. Blots were incubated in the primary antibody at a dilution of 1: 50 000 for 1h at room temperature with agitation. The antibody solution was decanted and the blot was rinsed briefly twice, then washed once for 15 min and 3 times for 5 min in TBS-T at room temperature with agitation. Blots were incubated in secondary antibody (anti-hen IgY horse radish peroxidase conjugated, recommended secondary antibody AS09 603) diluted to 1:50 000 in 2% ECL Advance blocking solution for 1h at room temperature with agitation. The blots were washed as above and developed for 5 min with ECL Advance detection reagent according the manufacturers instructions. Images of the blots were obtained using a CCD imager (FluorSMax, Bio-Rad) and Quantity One software (Bio-Rad).


 PsbA western blot detection

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