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5MeC | 5-Methylcytosine (clone 5MC-CD)

AS21 4559 | Clonality: Monoclonal |  Host: Mouse | Reactivity: 5-Methylcytosine

5MeC | 5-Methylcytosine (clone  5MC-CD) in the group Antibodies for Plant/Algal  / DNA/RNA/Cell Cycle / Epigenetics/DNA methylation at Agrisera AB (Antibodies for research) (AS21 4559)

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Product Information

Immunogen BSA-conjugated 5-Methylcytosine
Host Mouse
Clonality Monoclonal
Subclass/isotype IgM
Purity Purified IgM in PBS with 50 % glycerol, filter sterilized
Format

Liquid

Quantity 100 µg
Storage Store at -20°C; make aliquots to avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Please, remember to spin tubes briefly prior to opening them to avoid any losses that might occur from lyophilized material adhering to the cap or sides of the tubes.
Tested applications Immunofluorescence (IF), Western blot (WB)
Recommended dilution 1:50 - 1: 100 (IF), 1 : 1000 (WB)

Reactivity

Confirmed reactivity Chlamydmonas me-1 cells, mouse embryonic stem cells
Predicted reactivity DNA with 5-Methylcytosine (methylated DNA)

Application examples

Application examples Immunolocalization using anti-5-methylocysteine monoclonal antibodies
Methylation of chloroplast DNA of Chlamydomonas me-1 cells, visualized by anti-5-methylcytosine antibodies.
Left: DAPI stained cells. Middle: Cells stained with anti-5MeC antibodies, followed by secondary anti-mouse IgM, FITC conjugated secondary antibodies, Right: Merged image.
Chloroplast DNA is exclusively methylated in gamete cells. Described in Nishiyama et al. 2002. 

Immunofluorescence using anti-5MeC monoclonal antibodies on mouse embryonic stem cells

Intense 5-methylcytosine staining at pericentromeric regions of mouse embryonic stem cells was seen in the mitotic chromosome and interphase nuclei of ESCs. Described in Sharif et al. 2007.

Additional information

Related products

Related products Antibodies for epigenetics

Background

Background DNA methylation is a type of chemical modification of DNA that can be inherited and subsequently removed without changing the original DNA sequence. Therefore it is part of the epigenetic code and is also the most well characterized epigenetic mechanism. DNA methylation results in addition of a methyl group to DNA — for example, to the number 5 carbon of the cytosine pyrimidine ring — which involves reduction in gene expression. In adult somatic tissues, DNA methylation typically occurs in a CpG dinucleotide context; non-CpG methylation is prevalent in embryonic stem cells.

Product citations

Selected references Sharif et al. (2007) The SRA protein Np95 mediates epigenetic inheritance by recruiting Dnmt1 to methylated DNA. Nature. 2007 Dec 6;450(7171):908-12. doi: 10.1038/nature06397. Epub 2007 Nov 11. PMID: 17994007.
Nishiyama et al. (2002) A chloroplast-resident DNA methyltransferase is responsible for hypermethylation of chloroplast genes in Chlamydomonas maternal gametes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Apr 30;99(9):5925-30. doi: 10.1073/pnas.082120199. PMID: 11983892; PMCID: PMC122878.
Sano, Imokawa & Sager (1988) Detection of heavy methylation in human repetitive DNA subsets by a monoclonal antibody against 5-methylcytosine. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1988 Nov 10;951(1):157-65. doi: 10.1016/0167-4781(88)90036-x. PMID: 2847796.
Sano, Royer & Sager (1980) Identification of 5-methylcytosine in DNA fragments immobilized on nitrocellulose paper. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Jun;77(6):3581-5. doi: 10.1073/pnas.77.6.3581. PMID: 6251470; PMCID: PMC349661.

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