VTG | Sole vitellogenin
AS06 127 | Clonality: Polyclonal | Host: Rabbit | Reactivity: Sole
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native vitellogenin purified from plasma of estradiol induced male of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis)
ca. 200 kDa
STD: Protein standard (molecular weights of the proteins are indicated on the left) (1) plasma from male sole (load 0.11 ul of plasma),(2) plasma from vitellogenic female sole (load 0.11 ul of plasma), (3) plasma from estradiol-treated male sole (load 0.08 ul of plasma,(4) VTG precipitate (load 0.83 ul of precipitate),(5) purified VTG (load 2 ul of purified preparation, corresponding to around 0.14 ug and spawning performance in cultured VTG) were separated on SDS-PAGE 7.5% resolving gel, 4% stacking gel. Samples were denatured in SDS and b- mercaptoethanol and treated 4 min 95 oC before loading. Following gel electrophoresis proteinswere transfered to PVDF Membrane (Inmobilon-P, Millipore) for 2 h. Blots were blocked in TBST containing 2% non-fat dry milk. Blots were incubated in primary antibody at a dilution 1: 40 000, followed by incubation with secondary antibodies. goat anti-rabbit HRP conjugated in a dilution 1:2,000) and reaction was developed using chemiluminescence.
VTG can be purified using following methodology:
Mañanós et al. (1994). Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) vitellogenin. I—Induction, purification and partial characterization. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Comparative Biochemistry, Vol 107 (2): 205-216.
Guzman et al. (2008) Vitellogenin, steroid plasma levels and spawning performance of cultured female Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis).Gen and Comp Endocrinology 156: 285-297.
The developed VTG ELISA, using these VTG and AbVTG, has been validated for Senegalese sole, sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and seabream (Sparus aurata), which all gave parallel displacement curves in the assay. Probably, plasmas from several other fish species displace parallel and can also be used in the assay, although it has to be validated for each case.
Vitellogen (VTG) is a glucolipoprotein yolk precursor produced by all oviparous animals. This protein is female-specific and its expression is under hormonal control (estrogen). However, in the presence of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDC's), males can express the VgTG gene in a dose dependent manner. The use of VTG gene expression in male fish can be used as a molecular marker of exposure to estrogenic EDC's.