GR | Glutathione reductase
AS06 181 | Clonality: Polyclonal | Host: Rabbit | Reactivity: Arabidopsis thaliana, Catharanthus roseus,Glycine max, Hordeum vulgare, Nicotiana tabacum, Oryza sativa, Pisum sativum, Salicornia sp., Silene vulgaris, Scenedesmus quadricauda (algae), Solanum tuberosum, Zea mays
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Maltose binding protein (MBP) fusion of Zea mays GR, O64409
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10 µg of total protein from (1) Arabidopsis thaliana leaf extracted with Protein Extration Buffer, PEB (AS08 300), (2) Nicotiana tabaccum leaf extracted with PEB, (3) Zea mays extracted with PEB, (4) Hordeum vulgare leaf extracted with PEB, (5) Physcomitrella patens total cell extracted with PEB, (6) Chlamydomonas reinhardtii total cell extracted with PEB, (7) Synochocystis elongatus total cell extracted with PEB, extracted with PEB, were separated on 4-12% NuPage (Invitrogen) LDS-PAGE and blotted 1h to nitrocellulose. Blots were blocked in 2 % low fat dry milk in TBS-T (0.1 % Tween 20) for 1h at room temperature with agitation. Blots were incubated in the primary antibody at a dilution of 1: 2000 for 1h at room temperature with agitation. The antibody solution was decanted and the blot was rinsed briefly twice, then washed once for 15 min and 3 times for 5 min in TBS-T at room temperature with agitation. Blots were incubated in secondary antibody (anti-rabbit IgG horse radish peroxidase conjugated) diluted to 1:30 000 for 1h at room temperature with agitation. The blots were washed as above and developed for 30 seconds with chemiluminescent detection reagent according the manufacturers instructions.
The nature of 40 kDa cross reaction in this experiment is not known.
Total IgG concentration is 7 µg/ µl
This antibody will recognize the chloroplastic and cytoplasmic forms of the enzyme.
Glutathione reductase (GR, EC 18.104.22.168) is an important enzyme for plant protection against environmental stress. It functions in plant defense reactions in the conversion of glutathione disulphide to reduced glutathione (GSH).
Ameri et al. (2020). Aluminium triggers oxidative stress and antioxidant response in the microalgae Scenedesmus sp. J Plant Physiol. 2020 Jan 15;246-247:153114. doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2020.153114.
Zhong et al. (2019). Phosphoproteomics Reveals the Biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites in Catharanthus roseus under Ultraviolet-B Radiation. J Proteome Res. 2019 Aug 7. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.9b00267.
Balážová et al. (2018). Zinc oxide nanoparticles phytotoxicity on halophyte from genus Salicornia. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2018 Sep;130:30-42. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.06.013.
Adhikari et al. (2018). Sulfate improves cadmium tolerance by limiting cadmium accumulation, modulation of sulfur metabolism and antioxidant defense system in maize. Environmental and Experimental Botany Volume 153, September 2018, Pages 143-162.
Yin et al. (2016). Comprehensive Mitochondrial Metabolic Shift during the Critical Node of Seed Ageing in Rice. PLoS One. 2016 Apr 28;11(4):e0148013. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148013. eCollection 2016.
Hattab et al. (2015). Characterisation of lead-induced stress molecular biomarkers in Medicago sativa plants. Environm. Exp. Botany. Volume 123, March 2016, Pages 1–12.
Shaw et al. (2015). β-aminobutyric acid mediated drought stress alleviation in maize (Zea mays L.). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015 Sep 29.
Sobrino-Plata et al. (2014). Glutathione is a key antioxidant metabolite to cope with mercury and cadmium stress. Plant Soil, DOI 10.1007/s11104-013-2006-4.
Kovácik et al. (2013). Oxidative stress, uptake and bioconversion of 5-fluorouracil in algae. Chemosphere. 2013 Dec 28. pii: S0045-6535(13)01679-2. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.11.074. (immunolocalization in algae)
Sobrino-Plata et al. (2013). Specific stress responses to cadmium, arsenic and mercury appear in the metallophyte Silene vulgaris when grown hydroponically. RSC Advances, Jan 24.
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