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AtpB | Beta subunit of ATP synthase (chloroplastic + mitochondrial) (rabbit antibodies)

AS05 085  |  Clonality: Polyclonal  |  Host: Rabbit  |  Reactivity: [global antibody] for plant, green alga, animal and bacterial F-type ATP synthases

Benefits of using this antibody

AtpB | Beta subunit of ATP synthase (chloroplastic + mitochondrial) (rabbit antibodies) in the group Antibodies Plant/Algal  / Global Antibodies at Agrisera AB (Antibodies for research) (AS05 085)
AtpB | Beta subunit of ATP synthase (chloroplastic + mitochondrial) (rabbit antibodies)



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Product Information

Immunogen

KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from available plant, algal (chloroplastic and mitochondrial) and bacterial sequences of beta subunits of F-type ATP synthases, including Arabidopsis thaliana chloroplastic ATP synthase subunit beta UniProt: P19366, TAIR: AtCg00480  and Arabidopsis thaliana mitochondrial ATP synthase subunit beta-1, UniProt: P83483,  TAIR: At5g08670 as well as Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, UniProt: P06541 and A8IQU3

Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Purity Serum
Format Lyophilized
Quantity 50 ĩl
Reconstitution For reconstitution add 50 µl of sterile water
Storage Store lyophilized/reconstituted at -20°C; once reconstituted make aliquots to avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Please remember to spin the tubes briefly prior to opening them to avoid any losses that might occur from material adhering to the cap or sides of the tube.
Tested applications Blue Native-PAGE (BN-PAGE), Immunofluorescence (IF), Western blot (WB)
Recommended dilution 1 : 100 (IF), 1 : 5000 (BN-PAGE), 1 : 2000-1 : 5 000 (WB)
Expected | apparent MW

53.9 kDa (Arabidopsis thaliana), 51.7 kDa (Synechocystis PCC 6803), 53.7 kDa (Spinacia oleracea)

Reactivity

Confirmed reactivity Arabidopsis thaliana, Bacillus cereus, Bryopsis corticulans, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Chlorella vulgaris, Chromochloris zofingiensis, Cyanidioschyzon merolae, Echinochloa crus/galli,  Escherichia coli, Helicobacter pylori, Hordeum vulgare, Gladieria sulphuraria, Glycine max, Lycopersicum esulentum, Moniliophthora perniciosa, Nannochloropsis salina, Neochloris oleoabundans (chlorophyta), Nicotiana bentamiana, Nicotiana tabacum, Oryza sp. (roots, leafs, pollen), Pheodactylum tricornutum CCAP 1055/1, Pisum sativum, Plasmodium berghei, Populus sp., Robinia pseudoacacia, Scaphoideus titanus, Selaginella martensii, Solanum lycopersicum, Spinacia oleracea, Tetrabaena socialis, Toxoplasma gondii, Zea mays

Animal tissues from: cow, chicken, pig, rat, salmon, seal, Locusta migratoria
Predicted reactivity Acinetobacter baumannii, Algae, Brassica napus, Cannabis sativa, Clostridioides difficile, Cyanobacteria, E.coli K-12, Galdieria sulphuraria, Manihot esculenta, Nicotiana plumbaginifolia, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Salmonella typhimurium, Trichodesmium erythraeum, Triticum aestivum, Vitis vinifera, Zosteria marina, Yrsinia sp.
Species of your interest not listed? Contact us
Not reactive in Archeal V-type ATP synthase

Application examples

Application examples Application example

2 µg of total protein extracted with PEB (AS08 300) from  leaf tissue of (1) Arabidopsis thaliana, (2) Spinacia oleracea, (3) Lycopersicon esculentum, (4) Glycine max, (5) Populus sp., (6) Zea mays and (7) Hordeum vulgare were separated on 4-12% NuPage (Invitrogen) LDS-PAGE and blotted 1h to nitrocellulose. In parallel a dilution row (a-g: 10 - 5 - 2.5 - 1.25 - 0.63 - 0.32 - 0.16 µg protein/lane) from sample 1 (Arabidopsis) was processed. Filters were blocked 1h with 2% low-fat milk powder in TBS-T (0.1% TWEEN 20) and probed with anti-AtpB (AS08 085, 1:5000, 1h) and secondary anti-rabbit (1:10000, 1 h) antibody (HRP conjugated, recommended secondary antibody AS09 602) in TBS-T containing 2% low fat milk powder. Antibody incubations were followed by washings in TBS-T (15, +5, +5, +5 min). All steps were performed at RT with agitation. Signal was detected with chemiluminescent substrate, using a Fuji LAS-3000 CCD (300s, standard sensitivity). 




western blot        detection of AtpB in animal and plant tissue

2 µg of total protein from (1) cow muscle, (2) chicken muscle, (3) pig muscle, (4) rat liver, (5) salmon muscle, (6) seal muscle, (8) Arabidopsis thaliana, (9) Zea mays extracted with Protein Extration Buffer, PEB (AS08 300) and separated on  4-12% NuPage (Invitrogen) LDS-PAGE and blotted 1h to PVDF. Blots were blocked immediately following transfer in 2% blocking reagent  in 20 mM Tris, 137 mM sodium chloride pH 7.6 with 0.1% (v/v) Tween-20 (TBS-T) for 1h at room temperature with agitation. Blots were incubated in the primary antibody at a dilution of 1: 50 000 for 1h at room temperature with agitation. The antibody solution was decanted and the blot was rinsed briefly twice, then washed once for 15 min and 3 times for 5 min in TBS-T at room temperature with agitation. Blots were incubated in secondary antibody (Agrisera anti-rabbit IgG horse radish peroxidase conjugated, AS09 602) diluted to 1:50 000 in 2% blocking solution for 1h at room temperature with agitation. The blots were washed as above and developed for 5 min with chemiluminescent detection reagent according to the manufacturers instructions. Images of the blots were obtained using a CCD imager (FluorSMax, Bio-Rad) and Quantity One software (Bio-Rad). Exposure time was 30 seconds.

M - molecular weight marker

Reactant: Oryza sativa (Asian rice)

Application: Western Blotting

Pudmed ID: 26552588

Journal: Sci Rep

Figure Number: 6A

Published Date: 2015-11-10

First Author: Dixit, G., Singh, A. P., et al.

Impact Factor: 4.13

Open Publication

Western blot analysis of selected candidate proteins (AtpB, 2Fe-2S, GLN2, Psb R, PRK, ALD) with their corresponding molecular weight in rice leaves during As stress under various S regimes (A); RuBisCo large subunit a band in coomassie blue staining (CBB) SDS gel served as a loading control (B), which used for normalization of detected proteins in densitometry studies (C) fold change indicated with respect of control samples.


Reactant: Nicotiana tabacum (Common tobacco)

Application: Western Blotting

Pudmed ID: 28180288

Journal: J Exp Bot

Figure Number: 5A

Published Date: 2017-02-01

First Author: Schöttler, M. A., Thiele, W., et al.

Impact Factor: 6.088

Open Publication

Immunoblot analysis of photosynthetic complex accumulation in wild-type tobacco and the two ?psaI lines grown under low, intermediate, and high-light conditions. Because the accumulation of most tested proteins was highest under high-light conditions, lanes one to three contain samples diluted to 25%, 50%, and a 100% sample of wild-type tobacco grown under high-light conditions, to allow for semi-quantitative determination of changes in protein abundance. Lanes four and five contain the two transplastomic lines grown at 1000 ĩE m?2 s?1. Lanes six to eight contain wild-type tobacco and the mutants grown at intermediate light intensities, and lanes nine to eleven contain samples grown at low light intensities. For PSII, the accumulation of the essential subunits PsbB (CP43) and PsbD (D2) and the LHCB1 antenna protein were determined, while for the cytochrome b6f complex, the accumulation of the essential redox-active subunits PetA (cytochrome f), PetB (cytochrome b6), and PETC (Rieske FeS protein) was tested. AtpB was probed as an essential subunit of the chloroplast ATP. For PSI, in addition to the three essential plastome-encoded subunits PsaA, PsaB, and PsaC, the accumulation of the nuclear-encoded subunits PSAD, PSAH, PSAK, PSAL, and PSAN and of the four LHCI proteins (LHCA1, LHCA2, LHCA3, LHCA4) was determined. Finally, we examined the accumulation of Ycf4, the chloroplast-encoded PSI-biogenesis factor encoded in the same operon as PsaI, and the nuclear-encoded assembly factor Y3IP1.


Reactant: Algae

Application: Western Blotting

Pudmed ID: 29460179

Journal: Planta

Figure Number: 7A,B,C

Published Date: 2018-06-01

First Author: Giovagnetti, V., Han, G., et al.

Impact Factor: 3.95

Open Publication

Western blot analysis of PsbS and LHCSR proteins from dark-adapted (D, 30 min), light-treated (L, 2500 ĩmol photons m?2 s?1, 30 min) and post-dark-recovery chloroplasts (R, 1 h) isolated from B. corticulans. Samples were analysed by immunoblotting with an anti-PsbS (a), anti-LHCSR3 (b) and anti-LHCSR1 antibodies (c). Control samples are dark-adapted S. oleracea (a) and C. reinhardtii chloroplasts (b, c). Note that B. corticulans and S. oleracea samples have been probed against anti-PsbS antibody in the same membrane. The separation between lanes is only due to the presence of different samples between those presented of S. oleracea and B. corticulans (a). The ? subunit of ATP synthase (ATP-B) was used as loading control. 10 ĩg of Chl was loaded in each lane


Reactant: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Green Alga)

Application: Western Blotting

Pudmed ID: 30808958

Journal: Sci Rep

Figure Number: 2B

Published Date: 2019-02-26

First Author: Tokutsu, R., Fujimura-Kamada, K., et al.

Impact Factor: 4.13

Open Publication

LHCSR1 expression in isolated mutants following UV induction. (A) Gene expression analysis of LHCSR1 by RT-PCR. The CBLP gene was used as the housekeeping control. RNA and protein samples were collected after 1?hour of irradiation with UV. A 100-bp DNA ladder is shown. (B) Expression of the LHCSR1 protein was detected using specific antibodies, and the ATPB protein was used as the loading control. The protein samples were collected after 4?hours of irradiation with UV. Samples illustrated here are representative of three biological replicates.


Reactant: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Green Alga)

Application: Western Blotting

Pudmed ID: 31506429

Journal: Nat Commun

Figure Number: 1E

Published Date: 2019-09-10

First Author: Tokutsu, R., Fujimura-Kamada, K., et al.

Impact Factor: 13.783

Open Publication

CrCO and NF-YB are crucial for photoprotection. a The bleaching phenotypes of the reference strain (LHCSR1–Luc717) and the DSR mutants visualized in multiwell plates. Representative cell cultures treated with low light (LL; left wells) or high light (HL; right wells). Concentrations of the cultures were adjusted to 1.0?Ũ? 107 cells/mL. b Chlorophyll content per cell after LL (closed bar) or HL (open bar) treatment of the cells shown in a. c Maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (Fv/Fm) during HL treatment. d qE quenching capability during HL treatment. e Immunoblot analysis of 3xFLAG-fused proteins (CrCO–FLAG and NF-YB–FLAG in crco-2/CrCO and nfyb-1/NFYB, respectively), LHCSR1, LHCSR3, and PSBS during HL treatment. ATPB protein levels are shown as the loading control. The experiments were performed three times with different biological samples (n?=?3 biological replicates; mean?ą S.E.M); a representative experiment is shown in e


Reactant: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Green Alga)

Application: Western Blotting

Pudmed ID: 31506429

Journal: Nat Commun

Figure Number: 3D

Published Date: 2019-09-10

First Author: Tokutsu, R., Fujimura-Kamada, K., et al.

Impact Factor: 13.783

Open Publication

UVR8 interacts with COP1 and SPA1 to activate the CrCO-based transcriptional complex under UV irradiation. a Confocal images of UVR8–Venus–3xFLAG proteins in the DSR1–comp15 (uvr8/UVR8) strain. The cells were treated with UV for 30?min. Scale bars, 10?ĩm. b After 1?h of UV treatment, the cells were harvested and UVR8–Venus–3xFLAG proteins were immunoprecipitated by FLAG (M2) antibody with SURE-beads. The coimmunoprecipitated proteins were identified by LC-MS/MS analysis of the Coomassie Brilliant Blue-stained polypeptide bands obtained via SDS-PAGE separation after in-gel trypsin digestion. M, molecular mass standard. c Interaction profiles among COP1, SPA1, and CrCO visualized with Y2H assays, which were performed using COP1, SPA1, and CrCO fused with the AD and/or BD domains of GAL4. The culture conditions were as described for Fig. 2b. d Immunoblot analysis of LHCSRs, PSBS, and 3xFLAG-fused CrCO to visualize protein accumulation in the wild-type control (WT), crco-2, crco-2/CrCO, spa1, spa1 crco-2, and spa1 crco-2/CrCO strains before and after UV treatment. ATPB proteins were included as the loading controls


Reactant: Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress)

Application: Western Blotting

Pudmed ID: 33322466

Journal: Biomolecules

Figure Number: 7A

Published Date: 2020-12-11

First Author: Andreeva, A. A., Vankova, R., et al.

Impact Factor: None

Open Publication

Immunoblot analysis of the photosynthetic proteins on the basis of equal total Ponceau S dye stained blot with proteins from leaves of wild type plants and pap1 mutant grown on MS medium in Petri dishes for four weeks under a 16 h light/8 h dark photoperiod at 23 °C with 100 ?E m?2 s?1. Proteins were visualized by immunoblotting using antibodies specific for RbcL, PsaB, PsbD, AtpB, RpoB, AccD and Lhcb2.4 proteins.


Reactant: Solanum lycopersicum (Tomato)

Application: Western Blotting

Pudmed ID: 34439953

Journal: Biology (Basel)

Figure Number: 9A

Published Date: 2021-07-28

First Author: Trojak, M. & Skowron, E.

Impact Factor: None

Open Publication

Western Blot analyses (a) and densitometric analyses of PsbS (b), VDE (c), PGRL1 (d), and cytf (e) proteins in leaves of tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L. cv. Malinowy Ozarowski) grown under different light conditions (see Material and Methods for details). The bands were normalized to the appropriate ? subunit of ATP synthase (ATPB) band (loading control, Figure S4) (a). The bar diagrams (b–e) represent pixel volumes (densitometric analyses) of proteins in samples. Each value represents the mean ą SD (n = 3) considering the control sample (WL) value as 1 (100%). Different letters indicate significant differences between treatments (p = 0.05) with a Tukey’s HSD test. MW—molecular weight.

Additional information

Additional information

The anti-AtpB antibody will detect the mitochondrial form of the F1 ATP  synthase subcomplex, as well as the chloroplastic CF1 Atp Synthase, and most known bacterial F-type Atp Synthases. Peptide used for antibody production is located in a beta sheet, which is partly exposed near the surface of the AtpB protein.

Anti-AtpB antibody was used as a loading control in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Synechocystis sp. PCC6803.

This product can be sold containing proclin if requested

Blue Native gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE) has been performed on samples solubilized with digitonin (4:1) and loaded at 100 µg/well. Gel thickness was 2 mm with 4.5-16 % gradient.

Antibody is recognizing mitochondrial form of AtpB Subota el. al (2011).

This antibody can be used as a loading control for bacteria, Bacillus cereus.

Related products

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AS05 085-10 | Anti-AtpB rabbit antibody, smaller pack size of AS05 085, rabbitantibodies
AS05 085PRE | AtpB | beta subunit of ATP synthase, pre-immune serum
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AS03 030S | ATP synthase subunit beta protein standard for quantitation and positive control
AS08 304 | Anti-ATP synthase subunit alpha, rabbit antibodies
AS08 312 | Anti-ATP synthase subunit gamma rabbit antibodies
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Background

Background

ATP synthase is the universal enzyme that synthesizes ATP from ADP and phosphate using the energy stored in a transmembrane ion gradient.

Product citations

Selected references Lim et al (2022). Arabidopsis guard cell chloroplasts import cytosolic ATP for starch turnover and stomatal opening. Nat Commun. 2022 Feb 3;13(1):652. doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-28263-2. PMID: 35115512; PMCID: PMC8814037.
Burlacot et al. (2022) Alternative photosynthesis pathways drive the algal CO2-concentrating mechanism. Nature 605, 366–371 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04662-9
Bychkov et al. (2022) The role of PAP4/FSD3 and PAP9/FSD2 in heat stress responses of chloroplast genes. Plant Sci. 2022 Sep;322:111359. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2022.111359. Epub 2022 Jun 20. PMID: 35738478.
Ripamonti et al (2022). Silencing of ATP Synthase Beta Impairs Egg Development in the Leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus, Vector of the Phytoplasma Associated with Grapevine Flavescence Doree. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2022; 23(2):765. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23020765
Tanno et al. (2021) The four-celled Volvocales green alga Tetrabaena socialis exhibits weak photobehavior and high-photoprotection ability. PLoS One. 2021 Oct 26;16(10):e0259138. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0259138. PMID: 34699573; PMCID: PMC8547699.
Mazur et al. (2021) The SnRK2.10 kinase mitigates the adverse effects of salinity by protecting photosynthetic machinery. Plant Physiol. 2021 Dec 4;187(4):2785-2802. doi: 10.1093/plphys/kiab438. PMID: 34632500; PMCID: PMC8644180.
Trojak et al. (2021) Effects of partial replacement of red by green light in the growth spectrum on photomorphogenesis and photosynthesis in tomato plants. Photosynth Res. 2021 Sep 27. doi: 10.1007/s11120-021-00879-3. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34580802.
Choi et al. (2021) Augmented CO2 tolerance by expressing a single H+-pump enables microalgal valorization of industrial flue gas. Nat Commun. 2021 Oct 18;12(1):6049. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-26325-5. PMID: 34663809; PMCID: PMC8523702.
von Bismarck et al. (2021) Light acclimation interacts with thylakoid ion transport to govern the dynamics of photosynthesis. Research Square; 2021. DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-948381/v1.
Chen, Liu & Liu (2021) Loss-Function of EGY1 Results in Photosynthesis Damage through Reducing Stability of Photosystem II in Arabidopsis thaliana. Russ J Plant Physiol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1021443721060029
Curien et al. (2021) Mixotrophic growth of the extremophile galdieria sulphuraria reveals the flexibility of its carbon assimilation metabolism. New Phytol. 2021 Mar 25. doi: 10.1111/nph.17359. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33764540.
Maclean et al. (2021) Complexome profile of Toxoplasma gondii mitochondria identifies divergent subunits of respiratory chain complexes including new subunits of cytochrome bc1 complex. PLoS Pathog. 2021 Mar 2;17(3):e1009301. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1009301. PMID: 33651838.
Picariello et al. (2020). TIM, a Targeted Insertional Mutagenesis Method Utilizing CRISPR/Cas9 in Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii. PLoS One. 2020 May 13;15(5):e0232594. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232594.
Pattanaik et al. (2020). Introduction of a green algal squalene synthase enhances squalene accumulation in a strain of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Metabolic Engineering Communications,Volume 10, June 2020, e00125
Mares et al. (2020). Hydrosoluble phylloplane components of Theobroma cacao modulate the metabolism of Moniliophthora perniciosa spores during germination.Fungal Biol. 2020 Jan;124(1):73-81. doi: 10.1016/j.funbio.2019.11.008.
Gabilly et al. (2019). Regulation of photoprotection gene expression in Chlamydomonas by a putative E3 ubiquitin ligase complex and a homolog of CONSTANS. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Aug 12. pii: 201821689. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1821689116.
Vojta and Fulgosi (2019). Topology of TROL protein in thylakoid membranes of Arabidopsis thaliana. Physiol Plant. 2019 Jan 20. doi: 10.1111/ppl.12927.
Roth et al. (2019). Regulation of Oxygenic Photosynthesis during Trophic Transitions in the Green Alga Chromochloris zofingiensis. Plant Cell. 2019 Feb 20. pii: tpc.00742.2018. doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00742.
Aihara et al. (2019). Algal photoprotection is regulated by the E3 ligase CUL4-DDB1DET1. Nat Plants. 2019 Jan;5(1):34-40. doi: 10.1038/s41477-018-0332-5.
Kong et al. (2018) Interorganelle Communication: Peroxisomal MALATE DEHYDROGENASE2 Connects Lipid Catabolism to Photosynthesis through Redox Coupling in Chlamydomonas. Plant Cell. 2018 Aug;30(8):1824-1847. doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00361
Schottler et al. (2017). The plastid-encoded PsaI subunit stabilizes photosystem I during leaf senescence in tobacco. J Exp Bot. 2017 Feb 1;68(5):1137-1155. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erx009.
Jespersen et al. (2017). Metabolic Effects of Acibenzolar-S-Methyl for Improving Heat or Drought Stress in Creeping Bentgrass. Front Plant Sci. 2017 Jul 11;8:1224. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.01224. eCollection 2017. (western blot, Agostis stolonifera cv. ‘Penncross’)
Fristedt et al. (2015). The thylakoid membrane protein CGL160 supports CF1CF0 ATP synthase accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 2;10(4):e0121658. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121658.
Rurek et al. (2015). Biogenesis of mitochondria in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) curds subjected to temperature stress and recovery involves regulation of the complexome, respiratory chain activity, organellar translation and ultrastructure. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Jan 21. pii: S0005-2728(15)00016-X. doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2015.01.005.
Eom et al. (2014). Bacillus subtilis HJ18-4 from Traditional Fermented Soybean Food Inhibits Bacillus cereus Growth and Toxin-Related Genes. J Food Sci. 2014 Nov;79(11):M2279-87. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.12569. Epub 2014 Oct 30.
Lintala et al. (2013). Arabidopsis tic62 trol mutant lacking thylakoid bound ferredoxin-NADP+ oxidoreductase shows distinct metabolic phenotype. Mol Plant Sep 16.
Teng et al. (2013). Mitochondrial Genes of Dinoflagellates Are Transcribed by a Nuclear-Encoded Single-Subunit RNA Polymerase. PLOS ONE, June 2013. (immuofluorescence)
Rasala et al. (2013). Expanding the spectral palette of fluorescent proteins for the green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Plant J. March 23.
Heinnickel et al. (2013). Novel thylakoid membrane greencut protein cpld38 impacts accumulation of the cytochrome b6f complex and associated regulatory processes. J. Biol. Chem. Jan 9.

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