AtpB | Beta subunit of ATP synthase (chloroplastic + mitochondrial) (rabbit)
AS05 085 | Clonality: Polyclonal | Host: Rabbit | Reactivity: [global antibody] for plant, green alga, animal and bacterial F-type ATP synthases
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KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide derived from available plant, algal (chloroplastic and mitochondrial) and bacterial sequences of beta subunits of F-type ATP synthases, including Arabidopsis thaliana chloroplastic ATP synthase subunit beta UniProt: P19366, TAIR: AtCg00480 and Arabidopsis thaliana mitochondrial ATP synthase subunit beta-1, UniProt: P83483, TAIR: At5g08670 as well as Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, UniProt: P06541 and A8IQU3
53.9 kDa (Arabidopsis thaliana), 51.7 kDa (Synechocystis PCC 6803), 53.7 kDa (Spinacia oleracea)
2 µg of total protein extracted with PEB (AS08 300) from leaf tissue of (1) Arabidopsis thaliana, (2) Spinacia oleracea, (3) Lycopersicon esculentum, (4) Glycine max, (5) Populus sp., (6) Zea mays and (7) Hordeum vulgare were separated on 4-12% NuPage (Invitrogen) LDS-PAGE and blotted 1h to nitrocellulose. In parallel a dilution row (a-g: 10 - 5 - 2.5 - 1.25 - 0.63 - 0.32 - 0.16 µg protein/lane) from sample 1 (Arabidopsis) was processed. Filters were blocked 1h with 2% low-fat milk powder in TBS-T (0.1% TWEEN 20) and probed with anti-AtpB (AS08 085, 1:5000, 1h) and secondary anti-rabbit (1:10000, 1 h) antibody (HRP conjugated, recommended secondary antibody AS09 602) in TBS-T containing 2% low fat milk powder. Antibody incubations were followed by washings in TBS-T (15, +5, +5, +5 min). All steps were performed at RT with agitation. Signal was detected with chemiluminescent substrate, using a Fuji LAS-3000 CCD (300s, standard sensitivity).
2 µg of total protein from (1) cow muscle, (2) chicken muscle, (3) pig muscle, (4) rat liver, (5) salmon muscle, (6) seal muscle, (8) Arabidopsis thaliana, (9) Zea mays extracted with Protein Extration Buffer, PEB (AS08 300) and separated on 4-12% NuPage (Invitrogen) LDS-PAGE and blotted 1h to PVDF. Blots were blocked immediately following transfer in 2% blocking reagent in 20 mM Tris, 137 mM sodium chloride pH 7.6 with 0.1% (v/v) Tween-20 (TBS-T) for 1h at room temperature with agitation. Blots were incubated in the primary antibody at a dilution of 1: 50 000 for 1h at room temperature with agitation. The antibody solution was decanted and the blot was rinsed briefly twice, then washed once for 15 min and 3 times for 5 min in TBS-T at room temperature with agitation. Blots were incubated in secondary antibody (Agrisera anti-rabbit IgG horse radish peroxidase conjugated, AS09 602) diluted to 1:50 000 in 2% blocking solution for 1h at room temperature with agitation. The blots were washed as above and developed for 5 min with chemiluminescent detection reagent according to the manufacturers instructions. Images of the blots were obtained using a CCD imager (FluorSMax, Bio-Rad) and Quantity One software (Bio-Rad). Exposure time was 30 seconds.
M - molecular weight marker
The anti-AtpB antibody will detect the mitochondrial form of the F1 ATP synthase subcomplex, as well as the chloroplastic CF1 Atp Synthase, and most known bacterial F-type Atp Synthases. Peptide used for antibody production is located in a beta sheet, which is partly exposed near the surface of the AtpB protein.
Anti-AtpB antibody was used as a loading control in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Synechocystis sp. PCC6803.
This antibody can be used as a loading control for bacteria, Bacillus cereus.
ATP synthase is the universal enzyme that synthesizes ATP from ADP and phosphate using the energy stored in a transmembrane ion gradient.
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Teng et al. (2013). Mitochondrial Genes of Dinoflagellates Are Transcribed by a Nuclear-Encoded Single-Subunit RNA Polymerase. PLOS ONE, June 2013. (immuofluorescence)
Rasala et al. (2013). Expanding the spectral palette of fluorescent proteins for the green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Plant J. March 23.
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