ASyO5 | Mouse anti-human alpha-synuclein | oligomer-specific (clone number 2.4)
AS13 2718 | Clonality: monoclonal | Host: Mouse | Reactivity: Human
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synthetic peptide derived from human alpha-synuclein Gly111–Tyr125
For short time storage add sodium azide and store at +4°C.
For long time storage store lyophilized/reconstituted at -20°C; once reconstituted make aliquots to avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. Please, remember to spin tubes briefly prior to opening them to avoid any losses that might occur from lyophilized material adhering to the cap or sides of the tubes.
Dot blot reaction of the binding capacity of ASyO5 to fibrils, monomers and oligomers. Equal amounts of each sample were spotted on a nitrocellulose membrane and then dried. The membrane was blocked with 5% non-fat milk before incubated for 1 h with anti-ASyO5 (25nM) and then with secondary antibody, anti-mouse HRP-conjugated (1:1500). The membrane was washed with PBS containing 0.25% Tween-20 before detection using ECL prime (GE Healthcare).
Preparation of α-synuclein oligomers and fibrils is described here.
Tissue sections from the human PD midbrain, substantia nigra, were de-waxed and rehydrated in ethanol and then incubated with ASyO5 at RT for 1h. The immunoreactivity was detected with the anti-mouse Peroxidase Reagent Kit (ImmPRESS, Vector Laboratories, Inc.) and then developed using the ImmPACT AEC Peroxidase Substrate kit (Vector Laboratories, Inc.).
This antibody is specific to oligomers in ELISA as a capture antibody. For specific details, please check: Brännström et al. (2014). A Generic Method for Design of Oligomer-Specific Antibodies. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090857.
Alpha-synuclein is normally an unstructured soluble protein that can aggregate to form insoluble fibrils in pathological conditions characterized by Lewy bodies, such as Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy-bodies, and multiple system atrophy. In analogy to many other amyloid associated disorders, alpha-synuclein may also form oligomeric assemblies. These small and soluble forms have been suggested to exert a stronger tissue damaging effect as compared to the monomeric and fibrillar counterpart. Using a recently developed technique a monoclonal oligomer-specific antibody has been designed.
Kilpeläinen et al. (2019). Behavioural and dopaminergic changes in double mutated human A30P*A53T alpha-synuclein transgenic mouse model of Parkinsonīs disease.Sci Rep. 2019 Nov 22;9(1):17382. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-54034-z.
Wu et al. (2017). The critical role of Nramp1 in degrading a-synuclein oligomers in microglia under iron overload condition. Neurobiol Dis. 2017 Aug;104:61-72. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2017.05.001. (human, mouse, immunolocalization)
Svarcbahs et al. (2016). Inhibition of Prolyl Oligopeptidase Restores Spontaneous Motor Behavior in the a-Synuclein Virus Vector-Based Parkinson's Disease Mouse Model by Decreasing a-Synuclein Oligomeric Species in Mouse Brain. J Neurosci. 2016 Dec 7;36(49):12485-12497.
Brännström et al. (2014). A Generic Method for Design of Oligomer-Specific Antibodies. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090857.